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【雅思回忆】雅思阅读选择题中的陷阱-邹婧

发布时间: 2017-07-10


雅思阅读的单选题和多选题中,往往隐藏着不少陷阱,会让考生们防不胜防。只要识别出这些陷阱,排除这些不正确的选项,就能够攻破这类难题。

一、数字陷阱
这种干扰选项对于根本读不懂原文的考生有着致命的诱惑力,因为只有数字是熟悉的,其它的单词都读不懂。数字选项中,数字在文章中都有提及,但经常是通过移花接木的形式出现的,以干扰考生的注意力。比如:(剑3, Test 4, Q29)

The four divisions

A. each employed a staff of 500 clerks

B. each had equal levels of productivity

C. had identical patterns of organisation

D. were randomly chosen for the experiment

原文中,数字500的确有所提及,但原文讲的是The study covered 500 clerical employees in four parallel divisions. 500名员工是实验所包含的总人数。

二、相似陷阱

    题目中出现的个别单词与原文中的一模一样,这个选项往往就是干扰选项。比如上面例子中的D选项,很多同学误选了,是因为random这个词在原文中出现过。但是同样,原为是说The four divisions were assigned to two experimental programmes on a random basis. 四个部门被随机分配到两个实验项目中去,而不是四个部门是被随机挑选的。

三、偷换概念陷阱

有时候选项中虽然与文中有对应的词,但选项中偷换了关键性的成分(如谓语部分),使得答案错误。如:(剑4, Test 1, Q29)

From the experiment described in Part 1, the writer found that the blind subjects

A.had good understanding of symbols representing movement.

B.could control the movement of wheels very accurately.

C.worked together well as a group in solving problems.

D.got better results than the sighted undergraduates.
很多学生会选C选项,因为原文里有这么一句话:… the blind not only figured out meanings for each line of motion, but as a group they generally came up with the same meaning at least as frequently as did sighted subjects. 但是C选项偷换了group的概念,把blind subjects说成是组队来一起解决问题,这显然是文章中没有交代的。

d.答非所问陷阱

这是最具有诱惑性的选项。这种选项的特点是:选项本身是在原文中有出现的,但是跟题干却无关。很多考生看到选项和原文内容一致,甚至还有同义转换,便毫不犹豫地选择了这样的干扰项。如(剑3, Test 4, Q28)
The experiment was designed to
A.establish whether increased productivity should be sought at any cost

B.show that four divisions could use the same technology

C.perfect a system for processing accounts

D.exploit the human organisation of a company in order to increase profits

很多学生都会去选D选项。D选项乍一看是对的,原文中有相关的描述,但是原文中exploit the human organisation of a company的主语是a manager,而题目中的主语变成了experiment。而正确选项A对原文进行了高度的概括归纳,不仔细理解,是选不出来的。

往往要经历了以上陷阱的“诱惑”和“磨难”之后,考生才能选出正确的选项。当然,有些试题并没有这么复杂的陷阱,尤其是一些多项选择题,它们的选项只有一些语言上的同义转换,只要识别出相应的同义转换,那么便不难找到正确答案。

邹婧

宁波市海曙区海派外语培训学校 Ningbo Visio Foreign Language Training School

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